lower back pain


The lower back pain😖 I am sure it’s a familiar term and quite a common problem in males and females both. However, female lower back pain 👩 is more common for multiple reasons.

Henceforth to understand lower backache we need to first know what is pain? Why it occurs? Basic knowledge will for sure help you manage your backache more effectively.

So let’s start with a simple definition of pain, will you mock me if I tell you that it is a blessing in disguise 👩‍? Well, you should not. The ache is our body’s response to some injury or other underlying damage that needs to be taken care of for healing. Furthermore, if we get injured or there is some additional muscle, bone, or tissue level damage the receptors present in our body send an electric impulse to the brain from the problem site. Thus, we experience ache as a result of which we take steps to resolve the issue. I wonder if the backache does not exist in how we would know that a specific part of our body is facing a problem or injury. I am sure you now know that it is a blessing😇 of ALLAH.

Now, coming to our main topic. I will try to give you detail information on lower back pain causes, symptoms, and management and ♂ female related issues. I will also discuss some lower back pain treatment at home and exercises🏋 that will surely help you with backache management.

Read more: Back Pain Treatment, Types and Causes


DEFINITION:  lower back pain is the feeling of discomfort which involves muscles, nerves, joints, and bones of the back i.e. spinal cord and its surrounding area mainly the lumbar spine.

Our spine is responsible for keeping us coordinated against gravity and defines our posture. Thus, it’s more likely to bear damage with growing age as the strain makes it weaker.


Henceforth, Lower back pain is classified as acute, subchronic, and, chronic depending on its duration.

  1. Acute lower back pain lasts for less than 6 weeks.
  2. Subchronic lower back pain lasts for 6 to 12 weeks.
  3. Chronic lower back pain lasts for more than 12 weeks.

Furthermore, another classification of lower back pain depends on the underlying causes. Namely, mechanical, non-mechanical and, referred lower back pain.

Mechanical lower back pain occurs due to muscle strain, spinal injury, or some deformity in the spine. It can be aggravated by longer sitting, lifting weight, bending too much. However, this pain can be relieved by resting and treating the underlying cause.

Non-mechanical lower back pain occurs due to some neurologic syndrome (involving the nerves e.g. sciatica). As well as, systemic disorders (such as infections, cancer, inflammation, osteoporosis).

Referred lower back ache may occur as a result of;

  • gastrointestinal disorders (digestive system disorders),
  • cardiorespiratory disorders (heart and lung system),
  • abdominal issues,
  • genitourinary disorders (excretory system disorders),
  • Hip disorders like injury or inflammation.

These disorders may put a strain on your spine thus result in backache.

😇✔If you think of it the positive way, backache is a blessing in disguise😇 for the identification of the underlying cause. How else will you know some is wrong with your body until you experience pain?


An individual may start having lower back problems since the starting of their 20s and it may continue till late adulthood. However, the causes may differ depending on age and gender. Nonetheless, lower back pain female is more common as compared to males. The reason being, females have additional causes such as muscle weakness due to menopause or lower back pain in pregnancy. 🤰

These are some common causes:

  • Mechanical issues such a tissue injury or joint problems.
  • Muscle sprain, wearing of muscles or torn muscle.
  • Herniated disc (commonly called slip disc).
  • Vitamin D deficiency, more common in females as it causes muscle weakness.
  • Wrong sitting posture.
  • Obesity.
  • Nature of job in which weight lifting is involved.
  • Sciatica.
  • Trauma.

Less common causes of lower backache are:

  1. Infection.
  2. Tumor.
  3. Autoimmune disorders.

Read more: Migraine: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


Apart from the listed causes, lower back pain in pregnancy🤰 is undoubtedly, one of the most disturbing backaches for females. It occurs because during pregnancy the ligament in the body naturally becomes softer and stretch to prepare for labor. Thus, causing stress and low backache.

♂Female lower back pain can also occur due to osteoporo

sis- a bone defect in which bones get softer and porous. The reason for this may be, deficiency of calcium during menopause and other weaknesses due to hormonal and physical stress. However, the lower left side back pain in females may be a result of some gynecological issues like fibroids, endometriosis. Furthermore, the backache is coupled with abdominal ache or discomfort, severe cramps during menstruation. If not treated on time women may face severe lower backache for a long period.

Other causes of lower back pain on the left side are soft tissue or ligament injury, spinal column injury. As well as, an injury involving internal organs such as kidney, reproductive organs, or intestines on the left.

Lower back pain on the right side occurs due to muscle sprain, stress, infections, kidney stones, or injuries of the right internal organs.


  • Feeling uneasy while movements or having difficulty in lifting objects.
  • Pain sensation while changing posture.
  • Pain right after or some hours after an injury.
  • Nonetheless, the chronic lower backache is related to 😴 sleep issues, improper sleep triggers all sorts of body pains. Especially headaches and backaches.
  • Additionally, a majority of patients with chronic lower backache show symptoms of depression or anxiety.


The following steps are taken for the diagnosis of lower backache:


  • Detailed information about the nature of the feeling of backache.
  • The activity level of the patient.
  • Nature of job.
  • Sleep habits.
  • Posture.
  • Injuries.


  • Patient’s blood pressure, pulse rate, and other vitals.
  • Neurological examination to see a patient’s reaction to touch.
  • Leg raise test.
  • Reflex test.


  • X-Ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI


There are multiple ways you can adopt to manage and treat your lower backache depending on its severity. Severe lower backache requires immediate medical care. However, in case of mild or bearable backache, you can also manage it at home with self-care and exercise.


A short period of rest relaxes the back muscles and you can get going once you feel better.If you feel pain at a specific position. Be careful and monitor your posture to avoid pain.Use a heat pack or a cold pack whichever may suit you for pain relief.Paracetamol NSAIDs acetaminophen  Stretching Strengthening exercise Low impact aerobics  

Note: you must take a doctor’s guidance before opting for medications. You also need advice from a physiotherapist before starting exercise for lower back pain at home.


These medicines relax the tense muscle thus, increasing mobility. However, these are often combined with a pain killer for better effects e.g. NeubrolNarcotics belong to the opioid family. Therefore they work from the brain level to weaken the pain signals. However, these are used only for short term therapy e.g. after as surgery.Back braces or belts may support your back muscles. Thus, making movement pain free.In case of severe lower back pain steroids are administered via direct spinal injections. For providing instant relief.

It is important to know that one method of ache relief may sometimes not be enough alone. Thus, a combination of medications with exercises for lower backache may help the healing. For instance, in the case of severe lower backache, most doctors administer steroidal injection followed by oral medication and exercise.

Furthermore, Vitamin D deficiency is a major cause of lower backache these days. Thus, your doctor may prescribe you a course of Calcium and Vitamin D supplements to strengthen your muscles.


Lower back pain is a very common problem but also manageable if we take proper care. We need to stay healthy by eating and drinking healthy. However, in case of injuries seek medical help. However, your backache has an underlying cause, treat the cause to treat the ache.



  1. Thank you for this article much needed especially in quarantine time when we dont have a proper work station thats why facing alot of back issues. I will try the home remedies for sure. Hope it helps * fingers crossed*

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