Hafeez Jalandhari

Hafeez Jalandhari: Biography of Pakistani Poet

Hafeez Jalandhari. Are you interested in knowing who was Hafeez Jalandhari? This article will share the complete biography, life, education, and history of this sensational poet of Pakistan.

The complete name of Hafeez is Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari. He is a famous Urdu language poet. Moreover, he has a credit for writing lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan.

Birth and Early Life

Hafeez was born in Jalandhar, a city in British India, hence named as Jalandhari. His date of birth is 14th January 1900. His father, Shams-ud-Din, was a Hafiz-e Quran (memorized the Holy Book, Quran).

Jalandhari got his early education from a mosque and later he joined a local school. He got his formal education till 7th grade. He hated the subject of Mathematics and had a great attachment to the Urdu Language. 

Wait, let me tell you something more surprising!

Hafeez Jalandhari converted to Christianity by the influence of Taaq Kashmiri. He remained Cristian for almost two years but later converted back to Islam.

Career and Astonishing Achievements

You may be surprised to know that in 1917, at the age of 17. Hafeez participated in a competitive mushaira (poetry recitation). The competition was held by the British Indian Government in the wake of World War 1. Hafeez wrote a poem related to WAR AND PEACE and got the first prize of R.s. 100 along with a gold medal.

Do you know: Hafeez went to Jail in 1919

The reason behind this is reported as he wrote a poem against British Rule. Hence was sent to jail for three months. After released, he went to Okara and worked as a sewing machine seller. But his heart was in poetry so he soon left this job.

Jalandhari worked as an editor for many monthly magazines including Nonehal, Tehzeeb-e-Niswan, Makhzin, and Hazaar Dastaan from 1922 to 1929.

In 1935, the collection of his first poems was published. It was named as Nagma-e-Zar.

He was also a good song lyricist and wrote many songs after World War 2. In the meanwhile, he also worked as a director at Song Publicity Department.

Moreover, Hafeez also participated in the Pakistan Movement. His Urdu writings were a good source of inspiration and motivation for the cause of Pakistan.

Independence and joining Pak-Arm Forces

Hafeez migrated to Lahore, Pakistan after the partition of British India.

And that’s just one side of the story.

He joined the Pakistan Army for the sake of freedom of Kashmir. Moreover, he wrote many patriotic poems during Indo-Pak in 1965.

Moreover, he also wrote a national anthem of Kashmir. Its lyrics are given below.

Kashmir Anthem

His services Arm force includes as a Director-General of Moral and Director of Writers Guild of Pakistan.

Hafeez Jalandhari: Poetic Career

Jalandhari wrote many poems related to romance, national themes, religion, and patriotism. His poetry is a beautiful blend of Urdu-Hindi Language that represents the South-Asian Culture.

Besides this, one of his famous songs, “Abhi to main Jawan hon” was sung by Malika Pukhraj in the 1950s. This song is still popular among the new generation. 

Malika Pukhraj singing Abhi to Main Jawan hon

In 1949, the Government of Pakistan asked to prepare the National Anthem of Pakistan. Out of 723 anthems, Hafeez’s national anthem lyrics were selected. This is also a great honor for him as the national anthem was approved on 7th August 1954.

National Anthem of Pakistan by Hafeez Jalandhari
National Anthem of Pakistan by Hafeez Jalandhari

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan wanted that national anthem of Pakistan should be prepared soon. But he didn’t live long. However,  Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla prepared the composition of the anthem in 1949.

Famous Book of Hafeez Jalandhari

Hafeez wrote many books and poem collections including Naghma Zar, Shahnam-e-Islam, Soz-o-Saaz, Talkaba-e-Shireen, and Chiragh-e-Sehar.

At the age of 17, Hafeez married his cousin named Zeenat Begum. He had 7 daughters from this relationship. Whereas he also married a young English lady named Anila, the marriage ended in divorce. Both had a daughter. After the death of Zeenat Begum in 1954, Jalandhari got married to Khurshid Begum in 1955 and had a daughter.

Hafeez Jalandhari: Death and Memorial Honour

On 21st December 1982, Hafeez Jalandhari died at the age of 82, in Lahore, Pakistan. He was buried in Model Town, Lahore. Later, the shifted to his tomb built by the Government of Pakistan.

The tomb of Hafeez Jalandhari
The tomb of Hafeez Jalandhari

You can visit the tomb of Hafeez Jalandhari as it is located near Minar-e-Pakistan, Lahore.

The Government of Pakistan awarded Hilal-e-Imtiaz to Hafeez Jalandhari due to his endless literacy and poetic efforts.  Moreover, in 1958, he was also awarded the Pride of Performance Award.

In 2011, the Government of Pakistan also issued a postage stamp in his honor.  

Conclusion

Hafeez Jalandhari’s biography describes that he was not much educated but he has a great love and passion for Urdu and Poetry. Thus, he served his nation with his literacy skills.

The life story of Hafeez shows that one can work hard and never step-back for serving the nation.

Read more: Noor Jahan: The astonishing singer of Pakistan

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